|ROSALIND BRODSKY TIME TRAVEL RESEARCH PROJECTS|
|Research Project - #PRN/33 Operation Swan Lake|
Project 26 Kirov Class
of Kirov is undoubtedly an important milestone in Russian naval engineering.
The first Soviet-built large military ship, it embodied the latest achievements
of science and technology, matching or exceeding its foreign counterparts
in all parameters. Its main advantages were very powerful artillery, high
automation of fire control, powerful propulsion plant and hence, good
At the same time, Kirov had certain weak spots. The ship had virtually no anti-torpedo means; the air defense guns were poorly placed. The unique power of the guns (the 37 km range with 97.5 kg shells) was achieved at a high cost - the wear of the barrel was too quick. Three guns in a cradle were too vulnerable: one hit to a turret would destroy three guns at once.
1935 - commencement of construction of a series of cruisers type "Kirov" at Baltic Shipyard, Leningrad, named after the Soviet hero Sergei Kirov.
keel of Kirov, the lead ship of Project No. 26, was laid at Baltiysky
Zavod on October 22, 1935, and the hull was launched one year later on
the very beginning of WWII, Kirov went into battle, defending the Riga
Bay and Tallinn, attacking enemy's positions, repulsing air attacks.
WWII, Kirov was re-equipped, and in the 1960-s was used as a headquarters
training ship. The veteran cruiser sailed the Baltic with cadets onboard,
regularly visiting Poland and German Democratic Republic.
KIROV CLASS (TYPE 1144.2) HEAVY MISSILE CRUISER,
1974 - commencement of construction of a series of heavy nuclear cruisers type "Kirov" at Baltic Shipyard, Leningrad. Originally five Kirov class battlecruisers were planned.
first was launched in 1977 at the Baltic shipyard in Leningrad.
1975 Kirov CGN
In 1984 the second Kirov called the Frunze was completed. It was assigned to the Pacific Fleet in 1985 where it could challenge NATO dominance in the Asia-Pacific theatre of operations. The Frunze was the only ship of the class to be assigned to the Pacific Fleet. The Kalinin was the third Kirov class battlecruiser to enter service when it was completed in 1988. It was also assigned to the Northern Fleet.
The Kirov suffered an accident involving its reactor while serving in the Mediterranean Sea. It returned to port to undergo repairs. The planned repairs were never carried out due to the impending collapse of the Soviet Union, and the ship never returned to active service. To make matters worse, construction of the fourth ship (the Yuri Andropov) was encountering many delays. The fifth ship to be known as the Dzerzhinsky also ran into political as well as construction delays. Its name was soon changed to October Revolution, then to Admiral of the Fleet Kuznetsov. None of this made any difference as the ship was scrapped shortly after the keel was laid.
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 it was decided that all of the ships were to be renamed to reflect the political views of the new Russian Republic.
1992 this was completed. The Kirov (still in port) was renamed the Admiral
Ushakov. The Kalinin became the Admiral Nakhimov (below), while the Frunze
had its name changed to the Admiral Lazarev. The Yuri Andropov had its
name changed to Pyotr Velikhy while still under construction.
1. Kirov Class Project 1144.2 Heavy Missile Cruisers are designed to engage large surface targets. 2. Kirov at St Petersburg.
1. The 130mm AK-130-MR-184 Universal Automated Shipboard Artillery System. 2. The OSA-MA autonomous shipborne Air defence Missile System. 3. A dual Kashstan Air-defence Missile Gun System. 4. The KA-27 helicopter
The defense cutbacks of the 1990's hit the Kirov class particularly hard. The Admiral Lazarev in the Pacific became inactive in 1994 and was decommissioned four years later. In 1998 the Admiral Ushakov was striken from the list to be used as a source of spare parts for the other ships. It was later reinstated by the Duma, but was striken again since the Duma failed to allocate the money to maintain and operate the ship.
In 1998 the Pyotr Velikhy was finally completed (after thirteen years). It was assigned to the Northern Fleet, but did not participate in any major exercises and was sold off as spare parts in 2028. The Admiral Nakhimov continued to serve with the Northern Fleet until 1999. That was when the ship entered port to be refitted, but it was never to return to sea.. None of these ships were ever exported.
Pyotr Velikiy Kirov Class Project 1144.2 Heavy Missile Cruiser
The initiation of the UEUS (United Eastern European States) in 2010 inspired a renaissance in the release of new cruisers. The flag was raised on Admiral Magdakov, completed in 2015, departing to trawl Chinese waters. Construction continued at the Baltiyski Zavod and in 2013 building commenced on the sea and airborne Admiral Bronska, still in orbit around the outer Pacific-cygX.
In 2028 the Admiral Vronsky Kirov Class (Type1144.3) was completed and left St Petersburg in an advance towards Cape Canaveral, Florida, intercepting US audio proto-consignments.
Present Day - The Kirov has not been replaced and remains Russia's largest, most advanced missile cruiser.