(1868 - 1932)
Born Gustav Meyer, illegitimate son of Baron Karl Varnbüler von und zu Hemmingen, minister of state for Wurttemburg, and Maria Meyer, a Bavarian actress.
After a nervous breakdown and suicide attempt in 1891 Gustav Meyrink developed an interest in the occult and became a founder member of the Theosophical Lodge of the Blue Star. During the 1890s he investigated Kabbalism, freemasonry, yoga, alchemy and hashish.
In 1906 Meyrink moved to Bavaria and in 1907 began work on The Golem, his first novel, which appeared in serial form in Die Weissen Blatter before being published in 1915 by Karl Wolff of Leipzig.