Ken Goldberg, Associate Professor of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research at Berkeley's University of California, examined:

 

"the linkage between Adam, Golem and robot."

 

 

Goldberg told his colleagues, "Initially, the creator takes great pride and delight in the creature, until at some point the creature takes a life of its own and runs amok, and in the end the creator pays the consequences for this act of hubris."

 

Goldberg added, "As a vivid example, recall the horror of the Manhattan (Project) physicists when they witnessed the awesome potential of their creation" the atom bomb of 1945.

 

"By then, it had gotten away from them, and some, in particular Oppenheimer, suffered a Promethean downfall," Goldberg said.

 

Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer was the New York-born, Jewish director of the US government's secretive Manhattan Project, which successfully tested the world's first atomic weapon in New Mexico.

 

At the end of World War Two, Washington dropped two atom bombs, one on Japan's Nagasaki and the other on Hiroshima, killing more than 200,000 men, women and children.

 

Goldberg also sees the roots of modern computer software in the Golem's behavior.

 

For example, to finally turn off the Golem, "the rabbi tricks it into leaning close enough, so that the rabbi can erase the first letter inscribed on its forehead, thus changing 'Emet,' Truth, or Life to 'Met' Death.

 

"Whereupon the Golem turns into a lifeless mass of clay, which crushes the rabbi to death. Again, harsh consequences for the creator," Goldberg added.

 

"As a computer scientist, I note that the rabbi's fatal error was to forget to specify what we call a 'termination condition'. The Golem went into an infinite loop due to a programming error"

 

Despite these problems, "in artificial intelligence, success is often declared at the moment when the program, or robot, is capable of surprising its creator," Goldberg concluded.

 

"I would like to argue that in all the cases we have considered, from Adam to Golem to robot, although conventional wisdom warns against hubris, and views rebellion or loss of control as a downfall, it seems plausible to read the event instead as a step forward and upward."

 

From: The Golem by Richard S. Ehrlich http://members.tripod.com/ehrlich/czechhumanoid0006.html

 

Institute of Militronics and Advanced Time Interventionality 2026